Infertility in men and women

Infertility in men and women

Infertility in men and women

Infertility occurs when a couple is unable to conceive. After engaging in regular unprotected sexual activity. It’s possible that one partner won’t be able to help with conception. Also if that a woman won’t be able to carry a pregnancy to term.

Conception is a difficult procedure. You’ll need the following items to have a successful conception:

  • In order to produce healthy sperm in a guy;
  • In a woman’s ovaries, to develop and release a healthy egg;
  • The egg should be placed in the fallopian tube. And allowed to go to the uterus;
  • The sperm must find its way to the egg in order to fertilize it;
  • In the uterus, the fertilized egg should arrive;
  • It is necessary to implant the fertilized egg in the uterus;

Fertilization is missed if only one component of the procedure is incorrect. In a completely healthy couple, the odds of a successful pregnancy in one cycle are around 20%. If you haven’t found out if you’re pregnant after a year of testing, it’s time to start.

Infertility in men

Sterility affects both men and women, regardless of their age. A sperm gram is the simplest and most basic test for determining male fertility. Also the ejaculate analysis. Spermatogenesis is the process of sperm maturation in the testicles.

Spermatogenesis is influenced by a variety of causes and variables. Different forms of congenital urological abnormalities. The external genitalia or acquired urological abnormalities of the external genitalia can occur as a result of trauma. Also can occur:

  • significant surgical procedures;
  • urogenital infections;
  • endocrine and immunological factors;
  • genetic diseases.

Medical history and lifestyle

Reproductive health and fertility can be influenced by one’s lifestyle as well as one’s medical history:

  • Takes certain medications. Such as testosterone replacement medications or medications for arthritis;
  • high blood pressure;
  • depression;
  • cancer;
  • infections;
  • or digestive tract diseases;
  • has a chronic illness;
  • such as diabetes, or thyroid disease;
  • uses various types of drugs;
  • uses anabolic steroids.

Infertility in males – ejaculation issues

Obstruction in the ejaculatory canal affects a tiny number of men. Preventing sperm from entering the sperm itself. This occurs when the testis or the vas deferens are damaged or blocked.

Retrograde ejaculation might also be an issue. Men who do not discharge sperm during orgasm. But have it return to the bladder have this issue. This occurs when the muscle between the bladder and the prostate that prevents simultaneous ejaculation; and urine during sexual intercourse is not functioning properly. There are typically no symptoms. However a male may detect murky urine. Also non-ejaculation during orgasm during retrograde ejaculation.

Sperm antibodies and male sterility

Antibodies produced by your partner’s body can delay or even stop the mobility of his sperm. A vasectomy, testicular torsion, infection, or trauma, are the most common causes. There are no indications that would alert your spouse to the fact that there is an issue. In this situation, in vitro fertilization with sperm injection is the only viable option (ICSI). There is also the option to take steroids, such as prednisone. This is not suggest to owing to the long-term effects of this medicine.


How to deal with men infertility problem?

The majority of sterility reasons could effectively treated with medical treatments or therapy. More than half of couples who seek assistance have children. Either spontaneously or with medical assistance. In most situations, the proper specialized doctor; as well as a good attitude and perseverance; lead to the desired outcome.

The most significant causes of infertility in women

The amount and quality of eggs diminish with age. Which has an impact on the quality of the embryos. According to data, the probability of becoming pregnant declines to 33% between 35 and 40 years of age. And the fertility index drops to 87 percent after 40 years. At 44, the likelihood of becoming pregnant with IVF declines to less than 2%. Approximately 90% of eggs in women over the age of 40 are abnormal. Over the age of 40, the abortion rate is more than 33%. Alternatively, the incidence of abnormal pregnancies in women over the age of 40 is 1/38 according to statistics. The chance of chromosomal / genetic abnormalities in kids; as well as the rate of miscarriage, rises with age.

Women’s infertility causes

  • Ovulation problems are the most common cause of infertility in women. Hormonal medications are quite effective in treating it.
  • Fallopian tubes that is impenetrable. The fallopian tubes can become obstructed as a result of infection with Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and other bacteria. Endometriosis or an unknown reason might cause the fallopian tubes to become obstructed. Laparoscopic surgery or IVF are two options for treatment.
  • Endometriosis. When the endometrium, the uterus’ inner layer, begins to grow beyond it, this happens. It has the potential to develop across the small pelvis and beyond. It is not always the case that a woman with endometriosis will be infertile, although 30-40% of women with endometriosis have infertility. Laparoscopic surgery are use to eliminate endometriosis.
  • Fibroids are uterine tumors. Fibroids are not cancerous; however they can cause infertility is depend on where they situated. They may surgically removed.
  • The uterus has congenital abnormalities. Surgical intervention are use to treat certain issues.
  • Immune-related factors. The immune system of a woman might sometimes assault the sperm or embryo. Medication and IVF can use to treat it.
  • The woman’s age in years. A woman’s fertility begins to drop significantly beyond the age of 35.
  • Idiopathic infertility is a kind of infertility that occurs for no apparent reason. The reason of infertility is unknown in around 10% to 20% of cases. Emission or IVF – commonly utilized in these situations.
  • Weight gain; Overweight is a national problem. Particularly in modern industrialized nations; as a result of new lifestyles and habits that; in addition to the various other ailments; significantly impair the fertility of the marriage.

Anomalies of uterine development that occur at birth

Congenital uterine abnormalities (unicorn uterus, double uterus, congenital septa of the uterus, etc.) are becoming better recognized as a cause of female infertility. Infertility is also cause by the development of growths in the uterine cavity. As a result of inflammatory processes or more severe treatments (such as abortion). Endometrial polyps and uterine fibroids should also considered infertile reasons. Fortunately, in the vast majority of instances, all of the aforementioned can effectively addressed surgically.

Tubular infertility is cause inflammatory process in the tubes or fallopian tubes. Which are most commonly cause of sexually transmitter infections, endometriosis, and/or adhesions. Abortions are frequently the cause of the tubular factor.

Endometriosis is a condition in which endometrial tissue is implanted and grows outside the uterus. With the most common symptoms affecting ovarian function (through the formation of so-called chocolate cysts). Uterine function and/or fallopian tube function (inflammation, growths, and impaired function). Medication-assisted, or combination therapy options are available depending on the circumstances.

Primary ovarian failure, also known as premature ovarian function loss; is a condition in which the ovary fails to function properly (before age 40). The causes are frequently unclear. Circumstances linked to early menopause include family genesis; immune system disorders; radiation or chemotherapy; stress; cigarettes; medications; and so forth.

Fortunately, most of the reasons of infertility listed above can addressed (surgically or with medicine). And contemporary assist reproductive technologies and can used to obtain the desired pregnancy.

In vitro – in vitro fertilization

In vitro fertilization is a term that refers to fertilization that takes place in a laboratory. This term gets its name from the fact that fertilization takes place outside of a woman’s body rather than inside. In the 1970s, the first in vitro fertilization was performed. The original plan was to employ in-vitro methods to help women who had impermeable fallopian tubes conceive.

Later, it was discover that in vitro fertilization, often known as IVF, is effective; and is now frequently use to treat various reproductive issues. Idiopathic or unexplained infertility, endometriosis, male factor infertility, and so forth are examples.

The success of IVF, or in-vitro fertilization, is determine not only from the facility where is conduct. But also from the woman’s age. In general, 30-35 percent of women under 35 years old succeed in one cycle. 25 percent of women 35-37 years old succeed in one cycle. 15-20 percent of women 38-40 years old succeed in one cycle. And 6-10 percent of women over 40 years old succeed in one cycle.

In vitro fertilization is often utilized in couples who have failed to conceive. Using other techniques of assisted reproduction. Because it is a costly and physically and psychologically taxing procedure; it is only used as a final resort if all other options have failed. Many couples who had no other option used IVF to become babies.

The in vitro procedure

  • CONTRACEPTION – A woman generally uses contraception one cycle before IVF. Ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome and cysts are less likely to occur as a result of this.
  • STIMULATION – Your in-vitro cycle officially starts when you receive your period. Your need to check your hormones and an ultrasound examination needs to conducted on the second day of the cycle.
  • ASPIRATION – Aspiration or removal of eggs from the follicles is conduct 34-36 hours after receiving the HCG injection. Anesthesia are suggest for aspiration since it can be extremely unpleasant.
  • FERTILIZATION – The spouse leaves a sperm sample while the lady is been aspirate. After that, the sperm is processed in a lab, cleaned, and only the best sperm are expelled.
  • TRANSFER EMBRIOT – TRANSFER – The fertilized eggs are examined after 3-5 days (depending on how the facility operates) and the best quality embryos are returned to the uterus. Some clinics do embryo transfers after 2-3 days; however studies have shown that waiting for the embryo to grow to the blastocyst stage and returning to the uterus 5-7 days following aspiration increases the chances of conception. This is because some embryos, despite was create. And will not progress to the blastocyst stage.


The only thing left is to keep taking progesterone and wait. A blood test for pregnancy is 9-12 days after the embryo transfer. Congratulations on your pregnancy if the test is positive. If the test comes back negative after 14 days; it implies there is no pregnancy and you should stop taking progesterone. After a few days, menstruation occurs.

Unsuccessful in vitro fertilization is a terrible experience for any woman. Do not be discourage; this does not rule out the possibility of a successful in-vitro treatment in the future. One of the three women who received the treatment stayed pregnant for one cycle on average. Three or four IVF rounds are require in some cases.


Will IVF enhance my child’s chances of having a birth defect?

The probability of birth abnormalities is 2 percent to 3 percent in the general population. And it is somewhat greater in infertile patients. The majority of this risk is related to the underlying cause of infertility, which is delay conception. The question of whether IVF is the only cause of birth. Abnormalities are still been debate and researched. When IVF is combined with intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). However, there is a higher chance of birth abnormalities.

At particular, ICSI may raise the chance of sex chromosomal (X or Y chromosome) abnormalities by a small amount. It is unclear if these concerns are related to the ICSI technique or to sperm quality issues. Men who have sperm problems are more likely to have chromosomal abnormalities, which can be passed on to their offspring.

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